What Organs Does Typhoid Fever Affect?

What are the complications of typhoid fever?

Typhoid complications include typhoid intestinal perforation (TIP), gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hepatitis, cholecystitis, myocarditis, shock, encephalopathy, pneumonia, and anemia.

TIP and gastrointestinal hemorrhage are serious complications that are often fatal, even if managed surgically..

Can typhoid cause hepatitis?

Hepatic involvement has been reported in 23–60% of patients with typhoid fever [1]. However, severe hepatic derangement simulating acute viral hepatitis is uncommon and might indicate an association with viral hepatitis.

Why does typhoid attack again and again?

What causes typhoid fever? Typhoid fever is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. The bacteria are passed on by eating food or drinking water that has been contaminated by someone with the disease or who is a carrier of the infection. The bacteria are found in the infected person’s stool.

What human body system does typhoid fever attack?

Typhoid is a bacterial infection. It does not just affect one organ, but multiple organs of the body. After reaching the bloodstream, the bacteria attack the gastrointestinal tract, including the liver, spleen, and muscles. Sometimes, the liver and spleen also swell.

What are the long term effects of typhoid fever?

Untreated typhoid fever may progress to delirium, obtundation, intestinal hemorrhage, bowel perforation, and death within 1 month of onset. Survivors may be left with long-term or permanent neuropsychiatric complications.

Does typhoid fever affect the liver?

Typhoid fever is a systemic infection which is caused by Samonella enterica serotype typhi. It is a multi-system disorder involving many organs including liver. Liver involvement could be in the form of jaundice, rise in liver enzymes or hepatomegaly.

Is Typhoid a liver infection?

Typhoid fever is a very common infectious disease of tropics, associated with high morbidity and mortality. Typhoid fever is often associated with hepatomegaly and mildly deranged liver functions; a clinical picture of acute hepatitis is a rare complication.

Does typhoid affect the brain?

Symptoms of typhoid fever include headaches, stomach pain, and high fever. On rare occasions, these infections can affect the brain resulting in serious neurological symptoms such as slurred speech and lack of muscle control.

Can typhoid weaken the immune system?

Salmonella uses immune cells Once outside the abscess, the Salmonella bacteria are attacked by other immune cells, the so-called macrophages that produce a less effective immune response.

Can typhoid be cured completely?

Yes, typhoid is dangerous, but curable. Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that kill the Salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. Death occurred from overwhelming infection, pneumonia, intestinal bleeding, or intestinal perforation.

Can typhoid make your heart beat faster?

Toxic myocarditis occurs in 1%-5% of persons with typhoid fever and is a significant cause of death in endemic countries. Toxic myocarditis occurs in patients who are severely ill and toxemic and is characterized by tachycardia, weak pulse and heart sounds, hypotension, and electrocardiographic abnormalities.

How long does typhoid stay in your body?

With appropriate antibiotic therapy, there is usually improvement within one to two days and recovery within seven to 10 days. Several antibiotics are effective for the treatment of typhoid fever.

Does typhoid affect kidney?

Acute renal failure in patients with typhoid fever has been described in several case reports; dehydration, shock and rhabdomyolysis are the most likely causes. Other rare causes of renal failure include glomerulonephritis, acute tubular necrosis and interstitial nephritis.

What is the fastest way to recover from typhoid?

The only effective treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. The most commonly used are ciprofloxacin (for non-pregnant adults) and ceftriaxone. Other than antibiotics, it is important to rehydrate by drinking adequate water. In more severe cases, where the bowel has become perforated, surgery may be required.

Can immune system fight typhoid?

The development of both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses (CMIR) to antigens prepared from Salmonella typhi was investigated in patients suffering from typhoid fever. The antibodies were determined by the standard Widal test while the leucocyte migration test was used for CMIR.

Add a comment